Subsequently, the term DIY has taken on a broader meaning that covers a wide range of skill sets. DIY is associated with the international alternative rock, punk rock, and indie rock music scenes; indymedia networks, pirate radio stations, and the zine community. In this context, DIY is related to the Arts and Crafts movement, in that it offers an alternative to modern consumer culture's emphasis on relying on others to satisfy needs. With the adoption of the internet into mainstream culture, DIY culture has expanded to other areas. One notable example is that of Bitcoins, a form of online currency which has the DIY culture at its heart. The abbreviation DIY is also widely used in the military as a way to teach commanders (hence how from this YouTube videoclip) or other types of units to take responsibility, so that they'd be able to do things themselves just as a preparation for their own future.
The terms "DIY" and "do-it-yourself" are also used to describe:
- Self-publishing books, zines, and alternative comics
- Bands or solo artists releasing their music on self-funded record labels
- Trading of mixtapes as part of cassette culture
- Home made stuffs based on the principles of "Recycle, Reuse & Reduce" (the 3R's). A common term in many Environmental movements encouraging people to reuse old, used objects found in their homes and to recycle simple materials like paper.
- Crafts such as knitting, sewing, handmade jewelry, ceramics
- Designing business cards, invitations and so on
- Creating punk or indie musical merchandise through the use of recycling thrift store or discarded materials, usually decorated with art applied by silk screen.
- Independent game development and game modding
- Contemporary roller derby
- Building musical electronic circuits such as the Atari Punk Console and create circuit bending noise machines from old children toys.
- Modifying ("mod'ing") common products to allow extended or unintended uses, commonly referred to by the internet term, "life-hacking". Related to jury-rigging i.e. sloppy/ unikely mods
- DIY science: using open-source hardware to make scientific equipment to conduct citizen science or simply low-cost traditional science